Archaeology

The Funk Foundation's 2018 Grant Cycle

Robert E. Funk in the field, Upper Susquehanna Valley, New York Photo courtesy of the New York State Museum

Robert E. Funk in the field, Upper Susquehanna Valley, New York
Photo courtesy of the New York State Museum

            The Robert E. Funk Memorial Archaeology Foundation, Inc. is now accepting proposals for grants for research in New York State archaeology. Grant applications must be received by May 7, 2018. The grant applications will be reviewed by the Funk Foundation Board of Directors in a competitive process with award decisions made by June 22, 2018. Further information including the grant application forms can be found on the Funk Foundation website at www.funkfoundation.org. If you have any questions, please email Funk Foundation Board President Ed Curtin at ed@curtinarchaeology.com, or call Ed at (518) 928-8813.
            The 2018 grants are for amounts in the range of $1,000.00-$2,500.00. They are ideal to assist parts of stand-alone research projects or studies that are parts of larger projects. For example, Funk Foundation grants have been made to support a range of services such as faunal analysis, radiocrabon dating, petrographic slides, lithic analysis, and remote sensing. Funk Foundation grants do not support fieldwork other than technical applications such as remote sensing.

Looking for Leif Erikson: A Busman’s Holiday along the Bass River, Cape Cod

Looking for Leif Erikson: A Busman’s Holiday along the Bass River, Cape Cod

Cape Cod reaches out from New England like a great strong arm, elbow bent, hand curving inward as if to clench a fist.  Cape Cod fights against the crashing Atlantic as its land is carved away and slowly sinks below the rising sea.  Behind the crumbling bluffs backing Nausett and the other Atlantic beaches lays an historic land where Pilgrims landed in 1620, Puritan settlers built houses and mills, and Wampanoag Indians mustered the resilience to match the colonial enterprise back then and for the next 400 years.

One Head, Many Hats: The Diverse Expertise of Cultural Resource Management (CRM) Archaeologists

One Head, Many Hats: The Diverse Expertise of Cultural Resource Management (CRM) Archaeologists

Recently, my friend Nina Versaggi provided a contribution to The Conversation that succinctly and beautifully offers her perspective of a career in archaeology. While Nina conveys the excitement of archaeological discovery and the importance of reconstructing the past, she also talks about the varied responsibilities and skill-sets that many American archaeologists have as cultural resource managers.

January in June? 1816, the Year without a Summer

January in June?  1816, the Year without a Summer

Since I’m seeing news-reference again to the infamous Year without a Summer, I resurrect this piece from a couple years back.  200 years ago this month, a Ballston Spa, New York newspaper story stated that June 6, 1816 dawned cold and snowy.  In the “Year without a Summer” it was reported in Ballston Spa that 5 inches of snow fell in June, and 12 inches during June through August. 

Curtin Archaeological Consulting, Inc.— Who We Are

We have been energized and excited by the circulation of our recent Facebook post, a meme asking for a little kind consideration for archaeologists who have to work outdoors in cold, winter weather.  We know this job well, we of the Northeastern U.S. Chapped Hands Archaeology Tradition.

“Stone, My Friends: Humanity’s First Non-Renewable Resource”

“Stone, My Friends:  Humanity’s First Non-Renewable Resource”

The science fiction writer Isaac Asimov declared:  “Stone, my friends, was humanity’s first non-renewable resource.  Luckily there is so much of it that it never became scarce!”  In a seminar on the future of space as a non-renewable resource, it was clear where Asimov was going:  he was going to cover Alpha to Omega, everything from the origin of stone technology to the positioning of satellites in orbit, and further concerns beyond the earth’s gravitational pull.  But he didn’t spend long on stone, the resource that didn’t become scarce. 

Sneak Peek: Lithic Analysis Research for the NYSAA 2015 Annual Meeting

Sneak Peek: Lithic Analysis Research for the NYSAA 2015 Annual Meeting

 The 99th Annual Meeting of the New York State Archaeological Association begins the evening of Friday, May 1, 2015 and runs through Sunday morning May 3.  The meeting, which includes the annual conference on Saturday and Sunday, will be held at the Ramada Inn, Watertown, New York.  Kerry Nelson, Meadow Coldon and I will be presenting our paper on Saturday morning at 9:50.  Here, Fieldnotes gives you a preview plus a small bonus:  a little additional information and “big picture” analysis that is not included in the conference paper due to time limitations.

In Memory of Sarah Bridges

In Memory of Sarah Bridges

I was saddened to hear of the passing of Sarah Bridges.  Sarah was a talented historical archaeologist and administrator of government archaeology programs.  I knew Sarah primarily in the 1970s and 1980s through our participation in the New York Archaeological Council (NYAC).  In those days, New York State archaeology was nearly synonymous with NYAC, and NYAC was significantly shaping Cultural Resource Management expectations and policies in New York. 

An Inside View of an Archaeological Project: The Adam Shafer Site in Cobleskill, Schoharie County, New York

Early 19th-century multi-chambered slip ware found at the Adam Shafer site.

Early 19th-century multi-chambered slip ware found at the Adam Shafer site.

In 2011, construction planning of a new agricultural and environmental resources center at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Cobleskill required that a Phase 1 archaeological survey be performed before construction could be permitted.  Curtin Archaeological Consulting, Inc. performed this survey, finding evidence that part of the site had been used by Native Americans during prehistoric times.  Jon Vidulich directed this work in the field.  Curtin Archaeological also found that Adam Shafer (the descendant of early 18thcentury Palatine German settlers) built a farm house in 1816 on the same terrace overlooking Cobleskill Creek that the Indians had used in a much more remote period.  Artifacts from the Shafer farmhouse (including a feature composed of shell) were found in addition to prehistoric Indian artifacts.

Subsequently, Curtin Archaeological performed a Phase 2 archaeological site examination in order to evaluate the archaeological importance of the site.  I directed this work (if direction actually is needed for a team of co-workers that consisted of Dr. Andrew Farry, Jon Vidulich, and Sarah Vidulich).  The results of the Phase 2 investigation indicated that the multi-component, prehistoric-historic period archaeological site was a significant site eligible for inclusion in the State and National Registers of Historic Places.

Phase 2 fieldwork: Sarah Vidulich, Jon Vidulich, and Andrew Farry working in the Shafer midden east of the old farmhouse's cellar hole.

Phase 2 fieldwork: Sarah Vidulich, Jon Vidulich, and Andrew Farry working in the Shafer midden east of the old farmhouse's cellar hole.

The finding that the archaeological site was considered significant in this way was based on the value of the archaeological data:  the site could provide information important to the study of history and prehistory.  In 2012 Curtin Archaeological conducted more fieldwork as part of the process needed to reduce the adverse impact of construction upon the archaeological site; in other words, to mitigate the impact construction would have upon this site as a source of important archaeological data.  I co-directed the 2012 fieldwork with Dr. Andrew Farry.

                              Phase 3 excavations in front of the Shafer site front yard.

                              Phase 3 excavations in front of the Shafer site front yard.

During 2013 and 2014, we have been studying the information we recovered directly from this site.  We have also done some other things to help interpret the archaeological data.  For example, Kerry Nelson and I have examined primary data from historic documents to better understand the Shafers, their ancestry, and continuity and change in a certain traditional practice:  the naming of children in each successive generation of Shafers.  What we found was a reliable tradition, until there was a radical departure.

We have also been reading literature on the early 18th century German migration to New York State, as well as the nature of cultural change 100 years later, when the old guard of American revolutionaries gave way to the first generation born into the early republic.  This new generation was forming the first truly American national identity.

This chert artifact from the Shafer site has a graver spur (upper edge) and scraping surface (lower edge).

This chert artifact from the Shafer site has a graver spur (upper edge) and scraping surface (lower edge).

Also, focusing on the intriguing collection of chipped stone (chert) artifacts recovered from the prehistoric component, Meadow Coldon and I have examined other stone artifact collections from Cobleskill, as well as the comparative chert collection in the anthropology office of the New York State Museum.  We consulted with New York State Museum geologist Dr. Charles Ver Straeten, whose specialty is the Devonian-age cherts of New York State (the same cherts we needed to know about).  Dr. Ver Straeten kindly acquainted us with an even larger comparative collection of cherts such as Esopus and several Onondaga and Helderberg varieties.  This dove-tailed well with the field trip he led to Devonian chert exposures in November (and consequently, Meadow and I have added making our own comparative collection and obtaining chert for experimental use to the research program).

An Onondaga chert outcrop near Catskill, New York we have visited for the comparative collection. The chert is the dark stone embedded in lighter limestone.

An Onondaga chert outcrop near Catskill, New York we have visited for the comparative collection. The chert is the dark stone embedded in lighter limestone.

As part of this process, we also began a careful study of the life-group exhibits of the New York State Museum for inspiration concerning how to connect ancient stone artifacts with the people of the ancient past.  This is an interesting exercise in which we can consider what is being shown in the exhibits, and mindful of what we are learning, we can imagine other scenarios (not exhibited).  In this way we carefully use existing knowledge to stimulate thought experiments that broaden our perspective.  We are considering additional visits, perhaps with new questions, in conjunction with other projects.

I offer this post and a few that will follow on the Adam Shafer site over the next several months in order to provide a greater degree of access to an actual archaeological research project than may be available otherwise (at least much of the time).  These posts will provide behind-the-scenes looks at the nuts-and-bolts work that leads to more refined reports of archaeological research.